What is MRSA Staph Infection? Symptoms and Treatment

What is MRSA Staph Infection? Symptoms and Treatment

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@Sir. steve
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What is MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) Staph Infection?

MRSA
is short for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This is a
kind of bacteria that has lots of different strains. This is common to a
lot of people. To have it, is not a life-threatening case. Those who
have it may not be aware that they have it. It lives on the skin’s
surface and the inside of the nose. Through a contact, this type of
bacteria can spread from person to person.
When
one is infected by bacteria, antibiotics are usually prescribed to kill
it. What makes MRSA different from other bacteria is its ability to
resist antibiotic treatments. Even methicillin do not take effect. It is
an antibiotic that belongs to the penicillin family. People with high
immune system can quickly fight MRSA infection. But those who have poor
immune system will have a hard time fighting it. MRSA can cause boils.
It can also cause septic wounds and other disorders. This can even cause
problems in the heart. In serious cases, it can even cause death.

MRSA Symptoms: What are the Symptoms of MRSA?

Like
any disorder, MRSA infection shows signs and symptoms. The signs of
MRSA depend on what body part is affected. In some cases, MRSA infection
does not have any signs at all.

Skin Infection- 
One sign of MRSA is a skin infection. Since the bacteria live on the
top of the skin, to have skin infection is very likely to happen. These
are the skin infections that serve as symptoms of MRSA.
Boils
This skin condition is a sign of MRSA. This looks like insect bites.
They appear like redness and small bumps. They are painful to the skin.
The bacteria get to the skin through a cut. It may also enter through
the hair follicle. When it enters the skin, it will develop into a small
bump. The swollen skin may also have pus inside it.
Cellulitis-This
is a skin disorder that is caused by bacteria. This happens when the
bacteria get into the deeper parts of the skin. The fatty parts and the
deep skin tissues are infected. When a person has this, the skin will
feel hot. Pain is also felt. The skin may even turn red. There might be
also swelling of the skin.
Invasive Infections
The MRSA infection may still penetrate deeper. If this happens, more
health problems arise. This is because the infection has already entered
the bloodstream. The lungs may also be infected. When this happens, he
person may have.
Fever – temperature of 38 Deg.C or higher.
Dizziness–  the feeling of having a light or heavy head.
Headache– usually happens when one has high fever.
Chills– usually happens if there is high fever.
Muscle pain and swell– feeling of unwell is usual, if one has an infection.
Pain in the joints– this is a common feeling if one suffers from an infection.
Shortness of breath– this happens if the infection goes to the lungs.
Coughing– this happens because the lungs are infected.
If
not treated at once, the infection leads to a more serious health
problem. That is why if MRSA infection is suspected, consult the doctor
fast. The doctor will perform several tests. This procedure will
diagnose the case. If not  given  proper attention, the person might
suffer from the following:
  • Necrotising fasciitis or flesh-eating infection
  • Sepsis or blood poison
  • Endocarditis or infection of the heart’s lining
  • Osteomyelitis or bone infection
  • UTI or Urinary tract infection
  • Pneumonia and lung problems
  • Septic arthritis or joint inflammation due to bacteria
  • Septic bursitis or bursa inflammation due to bacteria

What are the MRSA Treatments?

MRSA
infection can be cured. Despite being resistant to antibiotic, there
are brands that can treat this condition.  The drugs that can treat MRSA
include bactrim and vancomycin. There are also antibiotics that can be
injected to treat this case.
Doctors have to also treat symptoms of MRSA infection. The following are given to treat MRSA symptoms:
Antibacterial body wash
This kind of treatment is given if a person is detected with MRSA. It
is used to clean the skin. There are also treatments in powder or cream
form. It is a topical treatment applied to the skin. The cream is used
if the infection is in the nose. There is also an antibacterial shampoo.
This is used if the scalp is infected. The product will be used for
five to seven days. The person does not need to go to the hospital to
apply it.
Cut and drain– This
is used to treat boils. It is done by piercing the top part of the
boil. A sterilized needle is used to cut it. It is done to let out the
pus inside the boil. The pus has to be drained well. This also relieves
pain. The simple cases of boils do not need anaesthesia. But if the
boils are severe and too many, it must be done to numb the skin.
Antibiotic tablets
This kind of tablet is given to treat cellulitis. This affects the
soft, deep parts of the skin. Due to this, a five to ten day  treatment
is needed. For serious cases,  injections are given for 7 – 14 days.

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