Alzheimer’s Stages: 7 Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Stages: 7 Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

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Alzheimer’s disease, a form of dementia
is a cognitive disorder gravely affecting memory and various other
cognitive capacities of an individual. It has been estimated that as
high as 80 percent of dementia cases are that of Alzheimer’s disease.
The initial signs and stages of Alzheimer’s disease manifest as normal
issues related to forgetfulness and mild memory loss. However, if these
symptoms go unnoticed, it can pave ways for various other complications
in the long run. One must understand that Alzheimer’s disease stages as a
progressive disorder and one has to be watchful and monitor the initial
alzheimer’s stages to treat properly.

Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Stages:

Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease stages include the following:

  • Individuals
    with this disease experience a loss in abstract thinking. In this, the
    individual loses ability to comprehend things and work out a proper
    solution for any kind of a situation. For example, individuals are
    unable to carry out simple daily tasks such as balancing a bank book.
  • Disorientation
    is one of the common symptoms experienced by individuals suffering from
    Alzheimer’s disease. Individuals tend to forget their house address,
    and are unable to return home alone.
  • Lack of initiative is yet
    another grave symptom of this disease. The disease causes the individual
    to become passive and less interested about the social surroundings.
    They also become less socially active and lose all interest in life.
  • The
    language problem is one of the common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
    experienced by all sufferers in the mid stages of the disease. They
    often stumble for the right word and are unable to find its alternative.
  • Individuals
    with Alzheimer’s disease often misplace the items and keep searching
    for them. For example, they may keep their car keys in the freezer and
    their wrist watch in the kitchen cabinet.
  • Mood swings are a
    common phenomenon of this cognitive disorder. Individuals’ exhibit
    extreme mood swings. One moment they are sad and then all of a sudden
    extremely happy or angry.
  • Individuals with this disease undergo
    extreme personality changes. However, this is a normal part of ageing,
    and is not a grave problem. In this disease, the individual undergoes
    extreme emotion feelings of confusion, suspicion, fear and anger.
  • Judgment
    skills are adversely affected by this disease. Individuals showcase
    skills of poor judgment and land themselves in an awkward situation. For
    example, they are unable to judge the right kind of clothing to be worn
    in different weather conditions.

7 Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease:

There are 7 stages of Alzheimer’s disease. These include the following:

Stage 1- No Impairment

This
stage is marked by no impairment in the cognitive functioning of an
individual. The damage to the brain cells has begun, but does not
showcase any symptoms.

Stage 2- Mild Memory Loss

This
stage is characterized by a very mild decline in the cognitive
functioning. The damaged brain cells have begun to show effect and
individuals experience symptoms of memory loss and forgetfulness.
However, during this stage confirmed signs of dementia cannot be
diagnosed.

Stage 3- Mild Cognitive

This
is the stage of mild cognitive decline marked by grave changes in mood
and behavior pattern so much so that family members and relatives are
aware of the fact that something is not normal. In this stage,
individuals stumble for finding the right word, have difficulty in
performing daily activities and misplace valuable items.

Stage 4- Moderate Cognitive 

This
stage is marked by moderate cognitive decline. The doctors should
conduct a careful medical examination to figure out the actual problem
that is causing the symptoms. The symptoms during this stage include
forgetting recent events, difficulty in performing daily tasks and
activities, forgetting one own personal history and mood swings.

Stage 5 –Severe Cognitive / Early Dementia

This
stage is characterized by a moderately severe cognitive decline. In
stage 5, individuals would require help for their daily activities and
changes in their behavior are now clearly evident to others as well.
Individuals often experience gaps in their memory and are unable to
remember their own contact details. In addition, they become very poor
with mental arithmetic and often get confused with the kind of clothing
to be worn in different seasonal changes. However, in this stage, the
individuals can use the toilet all by themselves and still hold some
memories about certain significant personal details.

Stage 6- Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease/ Middle Dementia

Come
this stage, and individuals enter the state of severe cognitive
decline. At this stage, the disease is gradually progressing and the
symptoms begin to worsen. The individuals experience severe memory loss
and require even more assistance for carrying out their daily routine.
They require help while visiting the toilet and even experience sleep
disturbances. They have difficulty in controlling bladder movements and
incontinence begins to set in. In addition, they are unable to recognize
familiar faces and experience behavior and mood changes. If they leave
the house without assistance, then they have fear of getting lost.

Stage 7- Severe Dementia

This
stage is characterized by a very severe cognitive decline. In this
state, the individuals experience more grave symptoms and are unable to
cope with their daily activities. They are unable to communicate
properly and are unable to control their movements as well. Reflexes get
abnormal and they find difficulty in doing any single activity without
help. For example, they are unable to sit without assistance and also
face trouble in holding their head upwards.
All
these stages of Alzheimer’s disease speak of this disorder as a
progressive one. If timely diagnosis is not made and treatment not
initiated, then it can seriously make life miserable for the affected
individuals.

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